Alzheimer Europe 2020 Conference, Factors affecting perception of services by dementia caregivers

Quick oral presentations – QOP4. People QOP4.4. Sofia Koukouli (Greece): Factors affecting the perception of services by dementia informal caregivers in Greece: the role of familism KOUKOULI Sofia1, KALAITZAKI Argyroula1, PANAGIOTAKIS Symeon2, MARKAKIS Georgios3, WERNER Perla4, TZIRAKI Chariklia5 1Hellenic Mediterranean…

Alzheimer Europe 2020 Conference, Factors affecting perception of services by dementia caregivers

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Quick oral presentations – QOP4. People
QOP4.4. Sofia Koukouli (Greece): Factors affecting the perception of services by dementia informal caregivers in Greece: the role of familism
KOUKOULI Sofia1, KALAITZAKI Argyroula1, PANAGIOTAKIS Symeon2, MARKAKIS Georgios3, WERNER Perla4, TZIRAKI Chariklia5
1Hellenic Mediterranean University, Heraklion, Greece, 2Internal Medicine Department, Medical School, University of Crete, Crete, Heraklion, Greece, 3Department of Social Work, School of Health and Social Welfare, Hellenic Mediterranean University, Crete, Heraklion, Greece, 4Department of Community Mental Health, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel, 55Research and Evaluation Department, Community Club of Elders, Research Department, Community Elders Club (MELABEV), Jerusalem, Israel
Aim: This cross-sectional study investigated perceptions of health and social care services and their correlates by informal caregivers of community-dwelling persons with dementia (PwD), using the theoretical framework of the Behavioral Model of Healthcare Utilization.
Methods: A purposive sampling technique identified 118 informal caregivers of PwD (78.8% female, mean age = 58.9 years) with whom face-to-face interviews were conducted via a structured questionnaire.
Results: Factor analysis identified three ‘Perceptions of Services’ subscales: “Availability and Adequacy of Services” (AAS), “Physicians’ Competence” (COMP), and “Professionals’ Behaviour” (PB). Multiple Regression Analysis showed that both predisposing factors (gender, employment, familism) and enabling/impeding factors (caregiving impedes work, quality of life aspects -environment and social relationships- information about dementia) were significant correlates of the AAS and COMP subscales. Familism was negatively correlated with the AAS subscale. PwD’s perceived physical and behavioral declined functioning (KATZ) was related to worse perceptions regarding professionals’ behavior (PB) toward the PwD.
Conclusion: The study provided insight on the factors associated with caregivers’ perceptions of health and social care community services, which, in turn, may direct interventions to increase PwD and caregivers’ awareness on the use of the services and therefore, delay potential institutionalisation.
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